So the men turned from there and went toward Sodom, but Abraham still stood before the Lord. l Then Abraham drew near and said, “Will you indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city. Will you then sweep away the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous who are in it? Far be it from you to do such a thing, to put the righteous to death with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do what is just?” And the Lord said, “If I find at Sodom fifty righteous in the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake.” Genesis 18:22-26
We don’t know if Abraham was frantically bargaining with the Lord because he cared so much for Sodom or because he knew his nephew, Lot, had gone there with his family. By whittling down the number of righteous needed to save the city down to 10, Abraham may have felt that this would make Sodom safe from destruction. The Lord already knew how many there were, so Abraham’s entreaties did not change God. Abraham had overestimated the number of righteous. I am sure we do the same thing. Not even all of Lot’s family would make it out alive.